Les Essais

Les Essais Cem Yay Nevi, Sabahattin Eyubo Lu Nun G Zel T Rk Esiyle Dilimize Kazand Rd Denemeler In Yeni Bas M N K Van La Sunar Bu Se Meler I In Sabahattin Eyubo Lu Ilk Bas M N Ns Z Nde, Montaigne Den Yap Lacak Her Se Me, Ister Istemez, Eksik Ve Keyfi Olacakt R Montaigne In Bah Esinden Her Ge I Te Insan Ok De I Ik Demetler Yapabilir, Diyordu D Rd Nc Bas M N Ns Z Nde De Unu Belirtiyordu Cem Yay Nevi Ne Haz Rlad M Bu Son Bask I In Montaigne In Bah Esinde Bir Hayli Dola T M Yeniden Neden Derlemedi Ime A T M Ne Yapraklar Buldum Ve Bir Kez Daha Anlad M Ki Insan Gibi T Kenmez Bir Maden Bu Denemeler B Ylece Ilk Bas Mlara G Re Misli Fazlas YlaU A K N Denemenin Yer Ald Bu E Siz Ya T N Yeni Bas M N Sunuyoruz

Michel Eyquem de Montaigne was one of the most influential writers of the French Renaissance Montaigne is known for popularizing the essay as a literary genre He became famous for his effortless ability to merge serious intellectual speculation with casual anecdotes and autobiography and his massive volume Essais translated literally as Attempts contains, to this day, some of the most widely

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  • Paperback
  • 375 pages
  • Les Essais
  • Michel de Montaigne
  • Turkish
  • 22 March 2019
  • 9789754060812

10 thoughts on “Les Essais

  1. says:

    Okay I ve read enough of this now, in a wide variety of settings, at miscellaneous times, within sundry atmospheres, such as late nights in bed under the lamp s pale glow, bright mornings early at certain tables or on metros, over coffees and over beers or over blended rye or such like things, in times of happiness and times of depression, in times of relative wealth and in times of poverty, in the stark wet heat of summer and the stark dry freeze of winter, under the rapture of autumn foliage about to be released from limbs and above the emerging green and yellow shoots and sprigs of spring, to qualify it as read so, over these long years sporadically spent with Montaigne, let s say I ve come to think of this collection as damn near a complete picture of a human mind striving to come to terms with the phenomenal world by engaging the sensorium as we re likely to get These pages contain a Universe, by which I mean a mind building things with language, and you, dear reader, are invited to navigate Raise the masts Aim the bowsprit directly into the heart of the day

  2. says:

    To learn that one has said or done a foolish thing, that is nothing one must learn that one is nothing but a fool, a much comprehensive and important lesson.There is sheer joy for me in that sentence It opens up a new starting point in life, not one of humility but of humour There is basic honesty about one s own ridiculousness, but also an honesty about the validity and value of one s own experience and life, as clumsy and awkward as this may be.The honesty and directness about his own life can make reading Montaigne like settling down and listening to an old friend talk, about how he started off preferring white wine, grew over the years to prefer red and then some time later drifted back to white again, or about how he managed to trick a friend on his wedding night so he could overcome his fear of being unable to perform and consummate the marriage or how as he has grown older he has taken to wearing thicker and heavier hats to keep his head warm It allows a for a remarkably intimate connection with somebody from a very different time.The material is varied, the subject of the essay, like many a students first attempts, simply a jumping off point for a long ramble interrupted by quotations Over the years as he continues to write the essays become confident and frequently longer, but they are bound together by his way of thinking about himself and his society A way of thinking that often turns back to thinking about thinking in the broadest sense as in when I am playing with my cat, how do I know she is not playing with me This can give the sense that he is looking in on his society as a stranger For example in his contrast between the crowds of people eager to see the savage cannibals brought over from Brazil with savagery of the ongoing wars of religion in his native France Possibly this is not so surprising as we learn in another essay that his Father had him brought up by a German teacher of Latin with the intention that Latin should be his first language view spoiler If his wet nurse was not involved in this Gascon may have been the first language he was actually exposed to hide spoiler

  3. says:

    _ essais essay article essay essai livre court _ .

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    I turn my gaze inward, I fix it there and keep it busy Everyone looks in front of him as for me I look inside myself I have no business but with myself, I take stock of myself, I taste myself I roll about in myself Alas, Montaigne inspires me The Complete Essays covers all kind of subjects and it is an almost eternal work in progress for me It honestly deals with humanity itself Montaigne is entertaining, compelling, and inclined to digression I read Montaigne at indiscriminate times and places, and under disparate moods If I am depressed, I look for something in it that might help me get back on my feet and keep going if I am happy, I search for companionship And I am often awed by him, how easy he seems To learn that one has said or done a foolish thing, that is nothing one must learn that one is nothing but a fool, a much comprehensive and important lesson. I ve been reading the Essays for some time now and probably will keep working through its page whenever I feel like contemplating about life It is, for me, an ever ending source of inspiration and of pleasure There are periods, it is true, that I forget about it altogether but eventually I will go back and scan through its chapters looking for themes that grant me some moments of delight At times I read Montaigne just for thirty minutes or one hour, but never for too long for I know I will get back to it eventually Whether sipping my coffee at a caf , in bed just before I go to sleep or sharing passages with friends when they happen to visit me, I love skipping through its pages until I find what I was expecting.Ah, he also surprises me I enjoyed his thoughts about women s rank in society, a puzzling mix of traditionalism and advanced thinking, considering he lived in the 16th century Women are not altogether in the wrong, when they refuse the rules of life prescribed to the World, for so much as only men have established them without their consent Read any chapter, randomly if you wish, or read it all if you have time and breath, I am sure you will love it.

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    Clive James says somewhere that certain people throughout history are like ambassadors from the present stationed in the past though separated from us by centuries, to read them is to share in thoughts and feelings that we recognise intimately as our own And this is what Montaigne has been for me since I started reading him several years ago He is the first person in history who strikes me as modern or at least, the first to put that modern sense of uncertainty and existential nerviness down on paper, to write something that is not didactic or improving or even purely entertaining, but animated instead by curiosity, doubt, overeducated boredom, trivial irritations.The scepticism in particular has become probably his most famous quality his best known line nowadays is the rhetorical question, Que s ay je What do I know Certainly his essays meaning efforts , attempts are endearingly open about how uncertain he is when it comes to any of the big questions He doesn t bluster his way through his lack of knowledge, but faces it head on with disarming cheerfulness, and his arguments themselves are not carefully structured means to approach knowledge, but rather meandering and conversational in a way that is completely unlike other writers of the time Je parle au papier comme je parle au premier que je rencontre, he says in John Florio s 1603 translation on which much later , I speake unto Paper, as to the first man I meete Still, his lack of expertise is something that regularly bothers him Est ce pas faire une muraille sans pierre, ou chose semblable, que de bastir des livres sans science et sans art Les fantasies de la musique sont conduictes par art, les miennes par sort To write bookes without learning is it not to make a wall without stone or such like thing Conceits of musicke are directed by arte, mine by hap.It s unlikely to worry any of his readers The range of topics addressed by Montaigne is gloriously all encompassing stick a pin in the nearest encyclopaedia and he will have something to say on whatever subject has been thus perforated And crucially, it s not just the big subjects like war, religion, diplomacy, the Classical tradition It s also the minor stuff, the kind of things that you worry about in the bath how annoying it is to have to get up early, whether people should talk over dinner or just shut up and eat, what to wear in bed Like men through history, he frets that he can t last long enough during sex and that his cock is too small but unlike Horace or the Earl of Rochester, he doesn t write grandiose poetry on the subject, he just moans about it in humdrum, day to day prose You come to realise there is no issue he won t write about Of all naturall actions, there is none wherein I am loath to be troubled or interrupted when I am at it, he announces, on doing a poo.Of course that frankness, that ruthless self analysis, means that when he does come to the big subjects he s often totally riveting I loved reading his thoughts on religion, which are incredibly undogmatic and open minded given the context of sixteenth century Europe In Book II, chapter 12 one of the longest essays and often printed separately he ostensibly sets out to defend Christianity, but in his clear sighted assessment of the arguments against religion he articulates intelligent agnosticism better than many atheists We are Christians because we are born here and now, he perceives if people really believed in the precepts of their faith, they would be happy to die and if there were any real reward after death it must be in some mortal way, otherwise we would no longer be us Following his mind through these arguments is quite a thrill.He also comments on current events, of all kinds After France adopts the Gregorian calendar in December 1582, he takes the time to write irritably on the missing eleven days a circumstance which leads him, via a typically Montanian series of tangents, to end up discussing the merits of sex with the disabled And his thoughts on the Spanish conquest of the Americas the full details of which were still then emerging make for a welcome reminder that not everyone at the time was gung ho about the excesses of the colonial project nous nous sommes servis de leur ignorance et inexperience les plier plus facilement vers la trahison, luxure, avarice et vers toute sorte d inhumanit et de cruaut , l exemple et patron de nos meurs Qui mit jamais tel pris le service de la mercadence et de la trafique Tant de villes ras es, tant de nations extermin es, tant de millions de peuples passez au fil de l esp e, et la plus riche et belle partie du monde boulevers e pour la negotiation des perles et du poivre mechaniques victoires Jamais l ambition, jamais les inimitiez publiques ne pousserent les hommes les uns contre les autres si horribles hostilitez et calamitez si miserables we have made use of their ignorance and inexperience, to drawe them easily unto treason, fraude, luxurie, avarice and all manner of inhumanity and cruelty, by the example of our life and patterne of our customes Who ever raised the service of marchandize and benefit of traffick to so high a rate So many goodly citties ransacked and raged so many nations destroyed and made desolate so infinite millions of harmelesse people of all sexes, states and ages, massacred, ravaged and put to the sword and the richest, the fairest and the best part of the world topsiturvied, ruined and defaced for the traffick of Pearles and Pepper Oh mechanicall victories, oh base conquest Never did greedy revenge, publik wrongs or generall enmities, so moodily enrage and so passionately incense men against men, unto so horrible hostilities, bloody dissipation, and miserable calamities.On gender relations he offers an intriguing mix of traditionalism and forward thinking He makes frequent off hand remarks about the place of women which seem to suggest that he is pretty representative of his time commenting, for instance, that if women want to read they should confine themselves to theology and a little poetry but then at other times he can be amazingly progressive A long essay On some verses of Virgil III.5 includes a fantastic investigation of sexual politics where he is unexpectedly thoughtful about the expectations placed on women by male society, and he rails against the hypocrisy of what we d now call slut shaming His sympathy for those who do not fit patriarchal expectations shows that he grasps the fundamental point Les femmes n ont pas tort du tout quand elles refusent les reigles de vie qui sont introduites au monde, d autant que ce sont les hommes qui les ont faictes sans elles Women are not altogether in the wrong, when they refuse the rules of life prescribed to the World, forsomuch as onely men have established them without their consent.In the end, although he can t stop himself feeling instinctively that a woman s role is different from a man s, he recognises that much of this is down to social pressures, and his simple conclusion is in some ways centuries ahead of its time les masles et femelles sont jettez en mesme moule sauf l institution et l usage, la difference n y est pas grande. Male and female are cast in one same moulde instruction and custome excepted, there is no great difference betweene them Those of you who read French may be noticing here that Montaigne is often easier to understand than Florio At first this was a surprise to me as I flicked between them, but it s a good illustration of the fact that English has changed a lot in four hundred years than French has Many were the times that I turned to the Middle French to illuminate what seemed an obscure passage in my native language A Florio phrase like it is enough to dip our pens in inke, too much, to die them in blood seems to have two or three possible interpretations It s only when you read the original c est assez de tramper nos plumes en ancre, sans les tramper en sang that you realise Florio s first comma is the fulcrum on which two perfectly balanced halves of the sentence pivot.Take another look at the very end of that quote on the conquest of Mexico, above Montaigne s elegant chiasmus horribles hostilitez calamitez si miserables has been abandoned meanwhile, to the horrible hostilities and miserable calamities has been added a dose of bloody dissipation , on Florio s own initiative Similar cases abound he also translates boulevers e there as topsiturvied , and to me they say something deeply significant about the two languages, at least as they existed then One final example will make my point here, Montaigne is discussing how strange it is that sex is something hidden and shameful, while death is a public glory Chacun fuit le voir naistre, chacun suit le voir mourir Pour le destruire, on cerche un champ spacieux en pleine lumiere pour le construire, on se musse dans un creux tenebreux et contraint C est le devoir de se cacher et rougir pour le faire et c est gloire, et naissent plusieurs vertus de le s avoir deffaire Each one avoideth to see a man borne, but all runne hastily to see him dye To destroy him we seeke a spacious field and a full light, but to construct him we hide our selves in some darke corner and worke as close as we may It is our dutie to conceale our selves in making him it is our glory, and the originall of many vertues to destroy him being framed.The French is precisely assembled, and Florio ignores the precision entirely Montaigne s exact, rhyming counterpoints chacun fuit chacun suit, faire deffaire are dropped in favour of a profusion of circumlocution each one avoideth all runne , making him to destroy him being framed Where Montaigne is a Rolls Royce engine, Florio is a cartoon jetpack And yet Where Florio fails to capture his source is precisely where he best represents the allusive, poly synonymous essence of his own native tradition While Montaigne convinces you that the genius of French lies in its clarity Ce qui n est pas clair n est pas fran ais, as Antoine de Rivarol would say two hundred years later , Florio suggests that the genius of English lies by contrast in its ambiguity, and the best English writers of the time which is to say the best English writers of all time, Shakespeare, Browne et al were precisely those who mastered its allusive and multivocabular messiness.Well, I won t push that any further, and Montaigne himself would doubtless have disagreed Our speech hath his infirmities and defects, as all things else have, he says and elsewhere, in a passage that warmed my anti prescriptivist heart, According to the continuall variation that hitherto hath followed our French tongue, who may hope that its present forme shall be in use fifty yeares hence We say it is now come to a full perfection There is no age but saith as much of hirs At any rate, reading these two writers together throws up all kinds of fascinating suggestions and contemplations, and it meant that I ended up reading basically all the essays twice and two or three of them I read for a third time in MA Screech s modern English translation For those curious about Florio, the NYRB has published a selection of his versions of the Essays under the intensely irritating title of Shakespeare s Montaigne, though neither Montaigne nor Florio need Shakespeare s coat tails to ride on and anyway, apart from one famous bit in The Tempest, the evidence for Shakespeare s having read Florio is not very exciting.In the end though, whatever language you read Montaigne in, his humaneness and his sympathy will stay with you By the time he writes the final volume he is at the end of his life, and his tone has not become bitter or regretful in the least Everywhere he shows a desire to find a middle way between the intellectual and the physical, the elevated and the practical, which I find extremely cheering The last chapter, On Experience , sums up the feelings about how life should be lived that he has been investigating throughout the essays, and as always his concern is not to criticise but instead to forgive, to understand, to encourage He invented an entire genre, but no one has achieved greater effects with it than he did himself.Il a pass sa vie en oisivet , disons nous je n ay rien faict d aujourd huy Quoy, avez vous pas vescu C est non seulement la fondamentale mais la plus illustre de vos occupations Avez vous sceu mediter et manier vostre vie vous avez faict la plus grande besoigne de toutes Pour se montrer et exploicter nature n a que faire de fortune elle se montre egallement en tous estages et derriere, comme sans rideau Composer nos meurs est nostre office, non pas composer des livres, et gaigner, non pas des batailles et provinces, mais l ordre et tranquillit nostre conduite Hee hath passed his life in idleness, say we alas I have done nothing this day What, have you not lived It is not only the fundamentall, but the noblest of your occupation Have you knowen how to meditate and mannage your life you have accomplished the greatest worke of all For a man to shew and exploit himselfe nature hath no neede of fortune she equally shewes herselfe upon all grounds, in all sutes, before and behinde, as it were without curteines, welt, or gard Have you knowne how to compose your manners you have done than he who hath composed bookes Have you knowne how to take rest you have done than be who hath taken Empires and Citties.

  7. says:

    e ssay 2 A loose sally of the mind an irregular indigested piece not a regular and orderly composition From Samuel Johnson s Dictionary of the English Language.Now I finally have an answer to the famous desert island book question This book It would have to be Not that Montaigne s Essays is necessarily the greatest book I ve ever read it s not But here Montaigne managed to do something that has eluded the greatest of our modern science to preserve a complete likeness of a person Montaigne lives and breathes in these pages, just as much as he would if he d been cryogentically frozen and brought back to life before your eyes.Working your way through this book is a little like starting a relationship At first, it s new and exciting But eventually the exhilaration wears off You begin looking for other books, missing the thrill of first love But what Montaigne lacks in bells and whistles, he than compensates for with his constant companionship You learn about the intimacies of his eating habits and bowel movements, his philosophy of sex as well as science, his opinion on doctors and horsemanship He lets it all hang out And after a long and stressful day, you know Montaigne will be waiting on your bedside table to tell you a funny anecdote, to have easygoing conversation, or to just pass the time.To quote Francis Bacon s Essays Some books are to be tasted, others to be swallowed, and some few to be chewed and digested Montaigne s essays are to be sipped This book took me a grand total of six months to read I would dip into it right before bed just a few pages Sometimes, I tried to spend time on the essays, but I soon gave it up Montaigne s mind drifts from topic to topic like a sleepwalker He has no attention span for longwinded arguments or extended exposition It s not quite stream of consciousness, but almost As a result, whenever I tried to spend an hour on his writing, I got bored.Plus, burning your way through this book would ruin the experience of it Another reviewer called Montaigne s Essays the introvert s Bible This is a very perceptive comment For me, there was something quasi religious in the ritual of reading a few pages of this book right before bed night after night after night For everything Montaigne lacks in intelligence, patience, diligence, and humility, he makes up for with his exquisite sanity I can find no other word to describe it Dipping into his writing is like dipping a bucket into a deep well of pure, blissful sanity It almost seems like a contradiction to call someone profoundly down to earth, but that s just it Montaigne makes the pursuit of living a reasonable life into high art.Indeed, I find something in Montaigne s quest for self knowledge strangely akin to religious thinking In Plato s system, self knowledge leads to knowledge of the abstract realm of ideals and in the Upanishads, self knowledge leads to the conception of the totality of the cosmos For Montaigne, self knowledge is the key to knowledge of the human condition In his patient cataloging of his feelings and opinions, Montaigne shows that there is hardly anything like an unchanging self at the center of our being, but we are rather an ever changing flux of emotions, thoughts, memories, anxieties, hopes, and sensations Montaigne is a Skeptic one moment, an Epicurean another, a Stoic still another, and finally a Christian And isn t this how it always is You may take pride in a definition of yourself a communist, a musician, a vegan but no simple label ever comes close to pinning down the chaotic stream that is human life We hold certain principles near and dear one moment, and five minutes later these principles are forgotten with the smell of lunch The most dangerous people, it seems, are those that do try to totalize themselves under one heading or one creed How do you reason with a person like that I ve read too much Montaigne now I m rambling To return to this book, I m both sorry that I ve finished it, and excited that it s done Now I can move on to another bedside book But if I ever feel myself drifting towards radicalism, extremism, or if I start to think abstract arguments are important than the real stuff of human life, I will return to my old friend Montaigne This is a book that could last you a lifetime.

  8. says:

    Tonight, all across America, tens of thousands of teenagers perhaps hundreds of thousands sit in front of laptops, writing essays It is the most dreaded homework assignment for many of them, and if they go on to college, it will be the assignment most cited as making them lose sleep, their printer to break, their grandmother to die, their car to break down, etc etc.Tonight, all across America, tens of thousands of teachers and professors count and recount the remaining essays in their grading pile It is their most dreaded teaching activity It is painstaking It is grammar It is word by word In 1580, Michel de Montaigne, the world s first essayist and self acknowledged inventor of the genre, set out to attempt Attempt what He did not know, nor did he care whether he succeeded He wanted only to write to understand himself better And who better to do it As he writes, he is the world s greatest expert on the subject And there is no subject important to him And so, he isn t bothered if his essay on experience turns into an essay on farting Farting is experience, after all And he will also write what his mustache smells like, and that he likes scratching the insides of his ears, and that we say bless you after we sneeze because the air is coming out of our heads, not our butts and he ll write, don t laugh I read it in Socrates He needs the high of books and the low of lived bodily experience to express himself and the goal here is to express himself and to understand himself There is no other goal He is not practicing his grammar or making a logical argument or finding three examples of imagery in Ovid No It s just an attempt Compare to the hamburger essays that we force down our childrens throats these days the standardized 5 paragraph essay is sometimes even called the hamburger essay it s got bread fluff , you see, at the beginning and end, and three ingredients or examples We say this hamburger should look like these hamburgers Say the same thing at the beginning and the end do not attempt anything Nothing should change Nothing is tried, tested Everything should be so logical, correct Do not explore Just do these three things Do them again and again, and most importantly, do them like this on the test It saddens me to see this form die at the hands of standardized testing To attempt to write about ones experiences or things one has read with no expectations, except the expectation of a journey through the mind, where one may bump into all sorts of wonders and miraculous objects and familiar or unfamiliar skeletons But no Sorry kids hamburgers for everyone

  9. says:

    I kind of half jokingly refer to this book as the introverts bible Certainly a must read, especially for those of us who live a contemplative life The Essays are moving and funny, edifying, and at times very sad Montaigne s observations range from the very specific and particular to the huge and universal I don t always agree with what he says, but I am engaged nonetheless I feel as I read this book that I m always in conversation with him.I know I will be reading and re reading The Essays throughout the course of my whole life I know that my understanding for them will deepen and change Montaigne himself continued to edit the essays until his death This sort of journey is much of what the book is about all culminating in the most moving essay of them all On Experience I recommend this edition especially for its fantastic translator It is wholly accessible while at the same time maintaining the humor and beauty of Montaigne s words.

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