Did Muhammad Exist?

Did Muhammad Exist? Are Jihadists Dying For A Fiction Everything You Thought You Knew About Islam Is About To ChangeDid Muhammad Exist It Is A Question That Few Have Thought Or Dared To Ask Virtually Everyone, Muslim And Non Muslim Alike, Takes For Granted That The Prophet Of Islam Lived And Led In Seventh Century ArabiaBut This Widely Accepted Story Begins To Crumble On Close Examination, As Robert Spencer Shows In His Eye Opening New BookIn His Blockbuster Bestseller The Truth About Muhammad, Spencer Revealed The Shocking Contents Of The Earliest Islamic Biographical Material About The Prophet Of Islam Now, InDid Muhammad Exist , He Uncovers That Material S Surprisingly Shaky Historical Foundations Spencer Meticulously Examines Historical Records, Archaeological Findings, And Pioneering New Scholarship To Reconstruct What We Can Know About Muhammad, The Qur An, And The Early Days Of Islam The Evidence He Presents Challenges The Most Fundamental Assumptions About Islam S Origins Did Muhammad Existreveals How The Earliest Biographical Material About Muhammad Dates From At Least Years After His Reported Death How Six Decades Passed Before The Arabian Conquerors Or The People They Conquered Even Mentioned Muhammad, The Qur An, Or Islam The Startling Evidence That The Qur An Was Constructed From Existing Materials Including Pre Islamic Christian Texts How Even Muslim Scholars Acknowledge That Countless Reports Of Muhammad S Deeds Were Fabricated Why A Famous Mosque Inscription May Refer Not To Muhammad But, Astonishingly, To Jesus How The Oldest Records Referring To A Man Named Muhammad Bear Little Resemblance To The Now Standard Islamic Account Of The Life Of The Prophet The Many Indications That Arabian Leaders Fashioned Islam For Political Reasons Far From An Anti Islamic Polemic,Did Muhammad Existis A Sober But Unflinching Look At The Origins Of One Of The World S Major Religions While Judaism And Christianity Have Been Subjected To Searching Historical Criticism For Than Two Centuries, Islam Has Never Received The Same Treatment On Any Significant ScaleThe Real Story Of Muhammad And Early Islam Has Long Remained In The Shadows Robert Spencer Brings It Into The Light At Long Last

ROBERT SPENCER is the director of Jihad Watch, a program of the David Horowitz Freedom Center, and the author of seventeen books, including the New York Times bestsellers The Politically Incorrect Guide to Islam and the Crusades and The Truth About Muhammad His latest book is The Complete Infidel s Guide to Free Speech and Its Enemies Coming in November 2017 is Confessions of an Islamophobe

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  • Hardcover
  • 254 pages
  • Did Muhammad Exist?
  • Robert Spencer
  • English
  • 24 November 2019
  • 9781610170611

10 thoughts on “Did Muhammad Exist?

  1. says:

    The quest for the historical Jesus is hardly thought of today as being particularly controversial For well over a century books and articles have poured out sifting the evidence for the existence of Jesus Christ On the other hand Muhammad is generally assumed to be an historical figure yet in fact the evidence for the Muhammad of the orthodox Muslim account is incredibly thin In the 7th century Arabs conquered much of the Middle East According to Muslims and others who have been remarkably uncritical in accepting the Muslim account , they did so enthused by Islam, Muhammad and the Koran The problem is that there was no mention in contemporary accounts of Muhammad or Koran or even Muslims the first mentions come over five decades after the supposed death of Muhammad Why Robert Spencer draws on the accounts of other historians and experts in this book, rather than presenting any new research It is a brave book few writers have openly tackled these questions because of the very real threat of extreme violence from Muslims against those they regard as criticising their faith However, he is a fine, engaging writer and the book is gripping After reading this book I believe there is a need for Muslims to ask themselves some serious questions hopefully it could lead to the blossoming of some sort of reform movement in Islam which would recognise that traditional Islam is well past its sell by date This is a process which has happened in other religions and which is long overdue in Islam.

  2. says:

    A critical look into the story of MuhammadThe author continues his investigation into the origins of Islam with his latest work that shines a light into the murky accepted version of Muhammad and his creation of Islam It is the sequel his book, THE TRUTH ABOUT MUHAMMAD.Islam, unlike all other major religions, has never been subjected to critical analysis Perhaps the reason is that any criticism of Islam s prophet, or of Islam itself, is considered blasphemy Critics, scholars, and even Muslims who have questioned the word of Allah or his Prophet, as set down in accepted hadiths and the Koran, have been severely punished or killed a practice that is still alive and well in the 21st Century.The Koran is not a complete copy of the book residing with Allah in paradise, a fact acknowledged by Islamic scholars by not understood by Muslims or non Muslims Some of the facts presented by Spencer include there was no written Arabic language when Muhammad lived, so how could the Koran be written in Arabic two caliphs take credit for assembling the Koran at two different dates and coinage dating to the early caliphs displayed a cross These are but a few of Spencer s revelations Others include the fact that many of the hadiths are counterfeit, forgeries.A key element of Spencer s inquiry is diacritical marks, dots above or below Arabic letters that define their meaning A table is provided on page 163 The earliest Arabic texts of the Quran only contain a few diacritical dots, meaning that the text can have many meanings, which may help explain why some verses of the Koran make no sense Diacritical marks were add many decades after the original Arabic texts were written remembering that there was no written Arabic language during the accepted lifetime of Muhammad 570 632 CE , which has to mean that Muhammad s recitations were written in a different language and later translated into early Arabic.So, did Muhammad exist There is no definitive answer No mention of Muhammad and Islam exist in the records of conquered nations for the first hundred or so years of the great Arabic conquests only one reference to an Arabic prophet with a sword, and no mention of Islam In fact, people that we refer to as Muslims were known as Saracens, Hagarians, Taiyaye, and Ishmaelites Many of the hadiths were manufactured by various Islamic dynasties to justify a position, and Islam appears to have been created in order to give the Arabic conquests religious justification.Spencer leaves the reader with many tantalizing facts and speculations Muhammad means the Praised One Arabic inscriptions found in the Dome of the Rock refer to the Praised One that may in fact refer to Jesus Islam may have evolved from a spinoff Christian faith.This book is a must read for all seeking to understand Islam, including Muslims Spencer raises legitimate questions that must be considered by all seeking the truth questions that beg investigation.

  3. says:

    Robert Spencer s 2012 book Did Muhammad Exist An Inquiry into Islam s Obscure Origins, citing peer reviewed scholarship, makes a very strong case that everything previously believed about Islam, both by devout Muslims and secular historians, was invented to serve imperial, military, political ends Islam was invented, Spencer argues, to provide a unifying ideology for the Arab conquest that began in the seventh century and that defeated Persia, besieged Byzantium, stretched to India, and made it all the way to Spain by 711 Islam is different from Judaism, Hinduism and Buddhism but like Christianity in this important aspect it relies on an historically real founder Christianity needs Jesus to exist Without Jesus life, teaching, miracles, death and resurrection, Christianity could not exist Just so Islam Islam is very much the vision of one man, Muhammad, presumed to have really lived in that sense, it is entirely fitting to refer to Islam as Muhammadanism and Muslims as Muhammadans Muslims believed that Muhammad was visited by the Archangel Gabriel, who dictated the Koran to him Muhammad then began sharing this new revelation with followers, and eventually Muhammad instituted jihad, war to establish Islam as the only faith on earth Secular historians have long accepted this narrative, if not putting faith in its supernatural aspect Other sacred texts, such as the Jewish Torah, the Hindu Vedas, and the Buddhist Sutras are the products of centuries, and vast communities The Koran is the product of the alleged encounter of one man Muhammad with an archangel, Gabriel Without an historical Muhammad and a reliable record of this encounter, Islam has no foundations whatsoever Spencer points out that there are no contemporary or near contemporary mentions of Muhammad When Arab armies attacked and pillaged in the seventh century, those they attacked often did not mention Muhammad, Muslims, the Koran, or Islam An early document, the Doctrina Jacobi of the mid seventh century, refers to an Antichrist, an Arab armed with a sword, who is alive after Muhammad was supposed to have died Sophronius, in 637, gives a devastating account of these Arab raids Barbarian raids abound there has been so much destruction and plunder incessant outpourings of human blood the birds of the sky devouring human bodies churches pulled down the cross mocked Christ blasphemed Spencer points out that centuries later, Muslim historians whitewashed these events, depicting the Arab conquest of the Holy Land as respectful and restrained.There are early mentions of Muhammad, but he is not the Muhammad of later Islam He announces himself as preparing the way for Jesus he declares that the Jews have the right to the Holy Land Violence, though, was a feature of this new faith, whatever it was They inflict the pain of death upon anyone who seems to contradict his tradition, wrote a contemporary of the Arab Conquests Arab conquerors, too, writes Spencer, did not mention Islam or Muhammad at first, and when they began to mention them, they did so in a way that differs from the understanding of Islam today For example, Arab conquerors struck coins with the word Muhammad combined with a Christian cross Christian crosses are anathema in today s Islam As late as the eighth century, Arab rulers are announcing themselves as worshipping The Lord of Moses and Aaron not Muhammad 61 Inscriptions on the seventh century Dome of the Rock seem to indicate that the Koran was not codified by that time, and one interpretation argues that these inscriptions show that early Arab invaders weren t quite sure whom they worshipped possibly Jesus Clarity of the Islamic messages as totally different from Christianity may have come about because of pressure from rebel factions and Caliph Abd al Malik s need to unify troops 58 It is possible that Abd al Malik expropriated and expanded on the nascent Muhammad myth for his own political purposes 59 Certainly lines emerge that support political power, e.g obedience to the Caliph in his every demand was compulsory for the population 60 Islam itself, and Muslims themselves, repeatedly acknowledge fabricated material about Muhammad Muslims attempting to establish their idea of who Muhammad was and what Islam should be protest against what they allege to be fabricated material, and develop ways to lend an air of credibility to their material My facts are better than so and so s facts because I got my facts from a reliable source than so and so There is no support for these assertions There are no extra Islamic mentions of Muhammad to rely on, and no contemporary documents Believers are simply to leave their inquiring minds at the door, and accept the biographical details about Muhammad that are supported by the biggest guns Accepted biographical details about Muhammad are self contradictory Muhammad famously did not perform any miracles, except when he did perform miracles he forbids, then praises, innovation Muhammad forbids, then encourages the killing of women and children 77 There are many such contradictions Spencer points out that these contradictions can easily be understood in light of the political needs of the person producing the biological detail If a given, contemporary political problem required Muhammad to do or say x, y, or z, he could be made to do so 66 This cynical view is not limited to non Muslims Emirs forced people to write hadiths, an early Islamic scholar protested 71 One leader demanded a hadith that forbade pilgrimage to Mecca, considered a pillar of Islam today 72 Islam insists that these biographical details were passed down since the lifetime of Muhammad, but there is no early record of them 68 69 Bukhari, author of a respected collection of hadiths, traversed the Muslim world collecting hadiths and he rejected 293,000 of them as fabricated Bukhari was a Persian, born in Uzbekistan, two hundred years after Muhammad died Bukhari was not an Arab There is no good reason to accept his work as factual Ibn Ishaq, Muhammad s first biographer, did not write until over a hundred years after the death of Muhammad, and his work no longer exists It is known only by later references to it, made two hundred years after Muhammad died This work s author admitted that he presents only a bowdlerized version At least one Muslim historian regarded Ibn Ishaq as unreliable 88 Another alleges that Jews are to blame for Ibn Ishaq s problems 90 Ibn Ishaq assigns dates to every event in Muhammad s life None of those dates occur during time periods that existed before a renovation of the calendar This seems to indicate the dates were fabricated by an author unaware of that calendric innovation 98 When assessing ancient texts, scholars seek support for the texts in still extant archaeological sites Archaeology seems to contradict Muhammad s received biography It contradicts what is known about Mecca 104 5 When assessing texts, scholars consider the criterion of embarrassment Does the text contain material that might embarrass If so, it is likely to be true Those who argue for the authenticity of Muhammad material cite his marriage, when he was fifty plus, to a six year old girl, and his demanding that his son relinquish his wife and allow Muhammad to marry his own daughter in law Spencer claims that these details might jibe with seventh century Arab warlord needs and values The Koran is a notoriously incoherent book It is unlike other world scriptures, whose narratives and values are usually readily apparent to non members even on a first read through One estimate states that 20 % of the Koran simply makes no sense 149 Islam s theological flux is explained with a Koranic verse that says that Allah gives better verses to abrogate inferior ones 128 131 The Koran is said to be all but divine, but passing influences dictate its contents 128 9 Muslim traditions state that some Koranic verses disappeared 135 137 Scholarship backs this up analysis shows that the Koran is the result of several authors working over the course of many years 138 9 Finally, Spencer argues that the Koran was based largely on pre existent Jewish and mainstream and heretical Christian material from the Bible and folklore 148 9 Much of this material was obviously misunderstood, for example, the Koran describing Jesus as Moses nephew Again, Islamic tradition supports this view, announcing that Muhammad s critics called him merely someone who heard and regurgitated Jewish and Christian tradition, fairy tales of the ancients he has written down 146 7 Many words in the Koran make no sense in Arabic or any known language It is possible that these words are the results of errors If one understands the Koran in the context of the Syriac language and the Christian heresy of Arianism, it begins to make sense but it is a much less Islamic text It is not the unique revelation of God to a prophet, but simply a misunderstood and misused text Translated correctly, the Koran may contain celebrations of the Last Supper, of Christmas, and a Christian confession of faith Did Muhammad exist Spencer says that he possibly did, but scholarship shows that he is not the prophet of a coherent and new revelation, but, rather, that his name was used to unify and rally an imperialist, expansionist Arab conquest That conquest s scripture was a garbled version of a Jewish and Christian substratum that evolved in response to military needs.

  4. says:

    An impeccable research, which cannot be challenged, the author shows that all Arabic sources of the life of Muhammed are late legends, tendentious, and are unsupported by historical documents or facts The archeological and epigraphic evidence sustain the fact the Muhammed is only what the word means THE PRAISED ONE , which qualifies to Jesus and no other This is how people in the Middle East spoke of Jesus This book brings manuscripts, letters, coins, and much evidence to obliterate everything the muslim community believes The Quran was canonized in 1923 by the muslim brotherhood, the arabic language came to existence in the year 1000, and the liturgy of the Quran was copied from the Syrio Arameic christian liturgy of the churches in Syria and Egypt A must read book for a civilized person.

  5. says:

    I like a book where I learn a lot, especially when I don t expect to One thing I should say coming into this, is that I did know a little bit about Islam and it s followers For example I know that Moslems will not let anyone critically study the Quran Well you can but you risk being killed, especially if you re Muslim Also, the Muslims don t like archeology Remember the Taliban blowing up the famous Buddha s That s what Muslims do The Saudis do it all the time Also, I ve always had questions just from my reading of the Quran, and information about Muhammad For example Mecca is supposed to have been a famous trading center, but I ve never been able to see how it could be It s in the center of the Arabian desert Who would go there to trade and why, but that s always just been my own thoughts.Second I know that Robert Spencer is supposed to be an Islamaphobe However, in reading a lot of his writings I agree with what he says He just quotes the Quran and the Hadith s That s all you ve got to do Any religion that believes that camel piss is good for you because it was said so by a 7th century bandit is a crazy religion, or the people who follow that are crazy.Now for the book One thing that I ve never heard before is that the quotes on a famous mosque in Jerusalem are not the way it is in the Quran These are some of the earliest existing quotes from the Quran and they re not the way they exist in the perfect book Also, Muslims do not like the perfect book to be subjected to anything closely resembling the way the Bible is studied In fact he gives examples of how when old Quran s are found it s not a great find like it is when old Bible manuscripts are found, but the Muslim s like to get rid of them by destroying them.OK these are just a few of the evidences that Mr Spencer brings forward This is also the book where I first heard about the information that led me to read Mohammad and Charlemagne, and Holy Warriors.

  6. says:

    This is a scholarly work and it is highly recommended This is another great book by scholar Robert Spencer who is a fearless leader in pointing out the evil effects of Islamic terrorism and Islamic culture across the globe I have been following his timely articles on his website JihadWatch.org and also read instant messages on his Twitter account it is an honor to know that we have a fearless scholar amongst us who dares to say that Islamic terrorists are savages and substantiate his statements with facts We need to read works such as this at times when various Islamic terrorist organizations like Hamas, Hezbollah, and ISIS are waging war against order and civilization The Islamic culture is truly barbaric and the savage acts of ISIS in Iraq and Syria are becoming yesterday s news and much of the Islamic world not only tolerates such evil acts but also help promote it Recently a well know Islamic cleric by the name of Hussein bin Mahmoud invoked Qur an 47 4 When you meet the unbelievers, strike the necks and suggested that ISIS beheadings are sanctioned by Islam This book explores the life of Muhammad and his prophetic career The historical records discussed in this book casts doubt on his existence A careful investigation shows that the Qur an is not Muhammad s revelations, but actually borrowed from the Jewish and Christian scriptures His order is nothing but a terrorist fraternity filled with intolerance to other faiths The concept of forgiveness reflected throughout the gospels and New Testament is a sharp contract to the preaching of Muhammad I thoroughly enjoyed reading this book and recommend this to anyone interested in the long term influence of global jihad.

  7. says:

    A must read for every Muslim and non Muslim Well written, engaging and informative It puts to question many things many people take for granted on Islam, Quran and it s beginnings.

  8. says:

    The empire came first and the theology came later this is what the book is all about.

  9. says:

    a lot of information, and he certainly makes his argument that the idea that the origins of Islam are well attested historically is not tenable, but I m not sure there is enough to confidently go beyond that and to be fair, the author acknowledges as much.

  10. says:

    Interesting insight in the early history of islamAfter reading this book you are at least convinced that the existence of Mahomet is doubtful and the Quran is just a mixture of Christian and Jewish texts with many internal contradictions.

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