الأخلاق في عصر الحداثة السائلة

الأخلاق في عصر الحداثة السائلة Amazing Book, Author Zygmunt Bauman This Is Very Good And Becomes The Main Topic To Read, The Readers Are Very Takjup And Always Take Inspiration From The Contents Of The Book , Essay By Zygmunt Bauman Is Now On Our Website And You Can Download It By Register What Are You Waiting For Please Read And Make A Refission For You

Is a well-known author, some of his books are a fascination for readers like in the الأخلاق في عصر الحداثة السائلة book, this is one of the most wanted Zygmunt Bauman author readers around the world.

❮Download❯ ➺ الأخلاق في عصر الحداثة السائلة  ✤ Author Zygmunt Bauman – Webcambestmilf.info
  • Hardcover
  • 333 pages
  • الأخلاق في عصر الحداثة السائلة
  • Zygmunt Bauman
  • Arabic
  • 23 March 2019

10 thoughts on “الأخلاق في عصر الحداثة السائلة

  1. says:

    In Aristotle s Ethics he spends the largest part of the book discussing happiness and a large part of this is spent in discussing friendship For Aristotle, the notion that we are essentially social animals was muchobvious than it is to us today and much to our cost.If a good life is to be found in being happy or as the American constitution would have it, in the pursuit of happiness then the answer to the question this book is entitled, Does ethics stand a chance in a world of cons In Aristotle s Ethics he spends the largest part of the book discussing happiness and a large part of this is spent in discussing friendship For Aristotle, the notion that we are essentially social animals was muchobvious than it is to us today and much to our cost.If a good life is to be found in being happy or as the American constitution would have it, in the pursuit of happiness then the answer to the question this book is entitled, Does ethics stand a chance in a world of consumers can only be answered in the negative The problem is that a consumer society does not and cannot exist with happy customers A consumer society can only exist if it has a growing store of customers or by growing what the current store purchases and you only get a growing store of customers if they are constantly made to feel dissatisfied with what they already have If you were totally satisfied with what you have there would be no need for you to buy anything else and that would beor less the end of the consumer society A consumer society works by making the distance between the showroom and the rubbish bin as short as possible In achieving this it needs to constantly create new needs and new needs are new dissatisfactions new desires Clearly, dissatisfaction is the opposite of happiness, and so people in a consumer society are by definition never properly happy.A consumer society is also a society of choice We tend to equate choice and freedom but what is interesting here is that if choice is to be real it needs to also involve risk And while we like to think of freedom as being an unequivocal good, the roll of the dice that bankrupts us an unfortunately likely outcome in a risk society can hardly be seen as a boon, even if the constraints of a risk less society are hardlylikely to attract us.This book starts with a discussion of a fascinating experiment Biology has long told us that social animals bees or ants, say cooperate because they share genes with the rest of the hive or nest and that is the only reason such cooperation is possible And by analogy this is often applied to human societies, nation states in particular We despise the other the stranger and the alien because they are likely to pose a threat to our way of life We need to protect ourselves from their different ways in much the same way that a hive will eject or kill other bees that invade it to protect its purity However, while biology has always known this to be the case, it has only been recently that we have had the ability to check the actual DNA of insects to test this axiom I say axiom, rather than hypothesis, because I do feel we have used this to build a whole structure of biology rather than just propose some possible outcomes And when the DNA was tested on a community of wasps in Panama it was found that 56 percent, of working wasps change their nests in their lifetime p.5 That is, they went to work in other nests where they shared no DNA with those they helped I can t help finding this a stunning result And one that does an awful lot to give us hope for our own futures too.The discussion here on the nature of the holocaust and why it was not an aberration, but rather a natural continuation of the modern world project, is deeply disturbing For Bauman, the nation state project was always one of cleansing the ideal state was always one that required removing from it the botched and bungled and Nietzsche liked to say and this purification process was a cleansing through the death of the other, the other that infected the perfect order being striven for and therefore needed to be disinfected The construction of the other as not only less than human, but as an active pollutant, is a necessary precondition for genocide One of the major concerns in this book is its discussion of the implications of the end of the power of the nation state and the growth of globalisation For Bauman, the main problem with globalisation is that it has meant that we are no longer able to address the issues that confront us via political means and this is because we have no global political institutions This is an important point And he makes sure that his point isn t confused here he is not talking about there not being multi national political bodies, but rather that there are literally no global bodies where the political will of the people can be realised As such, the global problems that confront us tend to be mitigated, if at all, by national governments that have diminished power to address them and so tend to either seek to pass the negatives onto other nation states the undeveloped world or anyone downstream without the power to force us to clean up our own mess or we are told there is nothing we can do to fix a problem and little point in even trying since others will only continue to make worse think climate change This general impotence is similarly multiplied in the consumer society consumers aren t citizens, our choices are between what already is and has been created for us, not about how to make what is even better And as such we see politics as irrelevant to our lives He quotes a survey that found that Right at the bottom of the list came politics going to a political meeting ranked on a par with a visit to the circus as one of the British public s least likely things to do p.55There is a long discussion here again about his idea of pointillist time My understanding of this is that time once could be conceived as being a cycle with seasons of birth and death, spring to winter, beginnings and endings spiralling eternally Then, with the enlightenment, we came to think of time as a kind of progress an arrow that didn t cycle so much as have a direction always up and onward Today we tend to not think of ourselves as being defined so much by our past in fact, consumers are defined muchby what they own than by who they have been Lifelong learning implies also lifelong forgetting we don t know which bits of the knowledge we have acquired will become useless or worse actively undermine our ability to get on but we do know that some of the knowledge we currently hold certainly will prove useless to us eventually We need to constantly be on the lookout for the new knowledge we will need and the old knowledge we need to forget The past, then, is as much a burden as a support In this new world time isn t progressive any longer progress being a building upon what already exists but rather it is like a series of points that have infinite potential and that can either explode with possibilities and provide us with infinite riches, or explode in our faces and leave us nothing As such, it is almost impossible to prepare for such futures all that exists is a kind of hope that good will come to us, but with no real basis to ground such a hope.I ll end with some quotes A swarm has no top, no center it is solely the direction of its current flight that casts some of the self propelled swarm units into the position of leaders to be followed for the duration of a particular flight or a part of it, though hardly longer 15Uncertainty is the natural habitat of human life although it is the hope of escaping uncertainty that is the engine of human pursuits 18roots are part of the plant s design and predetermined shape there is no possibility that any other type of plant will grow from them but anchors are only tools that facilitate the ship s temporary attachment to or detachment from a place, and by themselves they do not define the ship s qualities and capabilities 19The Other may be a promise, but it is also a threat 35almost everything in that unraveling history depends on human choices, the conditions under which choices are made are not themselves a matter of choice 72An effective response to globalization can only be global And the fate of such a global response depends on the emergence and entrenchment of a global as distinct from international or,correctly, interstate political arena It is such an arena that is today most conspicuously missing 76The modern state was about the activity of cleansing and the purpose of purity 80A new name had to be coined for the act of categorial murder for the physical annihilation of men, women, and children for reason of their belonging or having been assigned to a category of people unfit for the intended order and on whom, for that reason, a death sentence was summarily passed 80The totalitarian adventure was not an aberration, an accident of history that can be explained away and dismissed as a cancerous deformation of the otherwise healthy modern political body, but was a sustained effort to stretch that body s fitness to its ultimate potential 86Before it was undertaken, the Holocaust was unimaginable To most people, it remained inconceivable when already well under way Today, it is difficult to conceive of a world that does not contain a possibility of a holocaust, or even a world securely fortified, let alone insured against the implementation of such possibility We all have been alerted, and the alert has never been called off 90Whatever you do, I ll do as much and , and with greater passion and severity The exchange of blows turns into a competition in ruthlessness, mercilessness, cruelty 100In our globalizing world, power no longer resides with politics 108Happiness equaled freedom of experimentation liberty to take right and wrong steps, freedom to succeed and to fail, to invent, try, and test ever new varieties of pleasurable and gratifying experience, to choose and to take the risk of erring 116I would suggest that the idea of melancholy stands in the last account for the generic affliction of the consumer, Homo eligens man choosing , by behest of the consumer society, resulting from the fatal co incidence of the compulsion addiction of choosing with the inability to choose 165And as we know from Freud the end to toothache makes one happy, but nonpainful teeth hardly do 166Consumer society thrives so long as it manages to render dissatisfaction and so, in its own terms, unhappiness permanent 170A map of pointillist life, if one were charted, would look like a graveyard of imaginary or unfulfilled possibilities 173the reason to hurry is not to acquire and collect as much as possible, but to discard and replace as much as one can 173the late modern tyranny of the moment, with its precept of carpe diem, gradually yet steadily and perhaps unstoppably replaces the premodern tyranny of eternity, with its motto of memento mori 176But the consumer is an enemy of the citizen 190Each lived through moment is pregnant, simultaneously, with a new beginning and the end once sworn antagonists, now Siamese twins 217power holders tend to deploy power for rendering the habitatcongenial and supportive for the kind of power they hold 239The American superpower is no exception Its strongest asset being military might, it naturally tends to redefine all planetary problems whether economic in nature, social, or political as problems of military threat and military confrontation, as problems amenable solely to military solutions and calling for no solutions other than military solutions 239Tanzania earns 2.2 billion dollars a year, which it divides among 25 million inhabitants The Goldman Sachs Bank earns 2.6 billion dollars a year, which is then divided among 161 stockholders 249

  2. says:

  3. says:

    20082008

  4. says:

    ma piuttosto un insieme di frasi ad effetto L etica in un mondo di consumatori non sviluppa o se lo fa io non lo ho colto in discorso in divenire su come cambiano i concetti di bene o di male nel mondo liquido Mi sembra piuttosto la giustapposizione di una serie di pensieri tutti di impressionante acutezza, occorre dirlo del grande sociologo sull evoluzione del mondo globalizzato dei primi anni duemila.Si parla di societ europea e di societ mondiale, si parla di estetica, si parla ma piuttosto un insieme di frasi ad effetto L etica in un mondo di consumatori non sviluppa o se lo fa io non lo ho colto in discorso in divenire su come cambiano i concetti di bene o di male nel mondo liquido Mi sembra piuttosto la giustapposizione di una serie di pensieri tutti di impressionante acutezza, occorre dirlo del grande sociologo sull evoluzione del mondo globalizzato dei primi anni duemila.Si parla di societ europea e di societ mondiale, si parla di estetica, si parla molto poco di etica.E passato diverso tempo da quando Zygmunt Bauman ha scritto questo libro, e forse alcune delle considerazioni che vengono trattate sulla futilit degli sforzi di fermare la disumanizzante globalizzazione con metodi novecenteschi potrebbero sembrare banali ma se pensiamo a quanti milioni di europei ed americani credono alle vuote promesse dei nuovi costruttori di muri, sar poi vero Quanto dobbiamo considerare importanti gli ammonimenti sulla necessit di un nuovo concetto di Europa e di Mondo, in un tempo in cui le sfide son o globali e sono pertanto affrontabili solo a livello globale Il binomio fra etica ed estetica, tra arte e morale, mi ha sempre affascinato E le pagine di questo libro che affrontano l estetica del mondo liquido, non fanno eccezione Se il compito dell arte sempre stata quella di rompere gli schemi e di buttare lo sguardo avanti, allo stesso tempo la stessa arte non ha mai potuto prescindere dalle strutture logistiche ed economiche che le istituzioni statali quanto di pi inerte e conservatore si possa immaginare le mettono a disposizione, e questo a odio ha caratterizzato la produzione artistica dall impero romano ad oggi.Solo che nel mondo liquido le istituzioni stesse, che sono al servizio del mercato esattamente come l arte, sono esse stesse divenute nemiche di ogni sorta di durevolezza, e non possono essere pi n quel fondamento su cui la produzione artistica poggiava n il comodo bersaglio cui tirava i propri strali In questo senso Zygmunt Bauman spiega la grande crisi dell arte moderna e la sostanziale impossibilit del nostro tempo di produrre opere d arte durevoli Se penso a Christo Javacheff che trasforma oggetti della nostra storia in prodotti da supermercato elevati ad opera d arte, un opera d arte che ha la durata di un happening, faccio fatica a dargli torto.E la morale In tutti le opere di Bauman spiegato in modo chiaro ed evidente che nel mondo liquido buono colui che compra, e che conseguentemente spreca altrimenti si cesserebbe di essere consumatori Per la societ di oggi l escluso, l emarginato, chi non in grado di consumare non visto solo come un problema visto proprio come malvagio in una morale che, vista la volatilit del reddito che ci permette di essere consumatori e la perpetua tensione cui l etica del consumo ci costringe, ha ben poco di consolatorio Ma proprio dal punto di vista dell idea del bene e forse da qui che nasce il titolo del libro si pu partire per mettere freno alla pericolosissima e sempre pi rapida deriva del mondo liquido All etica del ciclo desiderio possesso spreco, il sociologo polacco contrappone l etica del dono e della disponibilit verso l altro un idea che il mondo di consumatori giudica assurda ed incomprensibile, e dalla quale pertanto viene messa in crisi E abbastanza strano peraltro come un concetto cos smaccatamente cristiano venga descritto come strettamente intrinseco alla natura umana quando appare fin troppo evidente osservando i comportamenti degli uomini e degli animali, che vero il contrario Bauman non riesce a contemplare il Cristianesimo con sufficiente distacco per trarne i concetti che restano validi e farne uso Nel complesso, come tutti i libri che Zygmunt Bauman ha scritto sul mondo liquido, anche L etica in un mondo di consumatori un utile esercizio per riflettere sul nostro tempo Per gli rimprovero uno sforzo troppo limitato nell assegnare un filo conduttore ed un senso di fondo a quella che resta solo una sequenza di pensieri, e soprattutto un soffermarsi troppo sulla pars destruens, sull evidenziare le caratteristiche alienanti del mondo contemporaneo, e troppo poco sulla ricerca e l enunciazioni delle possibili strategie alternative a livello personale, sociale e globale

  5. says:

    Blah, blah, blah theoretical university speak Just couldn t get into it.

  6. says:

  7. says:

    Lettura NECESSARIA.

  8. says:

    Does ethics have a chance in a world of consumers is a book that asks a key question about our fate as human beings It maintains that human society evolves in the way of swarms rather of groups and that individuality and individualism grows worse with all the technological advances leading toandacceptable unethical behavior However ethics is crucial to human race survival so it must have a chance in our world or there will be no world at all.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *