Накануне

Накануне Though Essentially A Love Story With A Historical Background, On The Eve Hints In Its Title At Social And Political Implications Which No Russian Reader Could Miss When It Appeared In Turgenev S Study Of Elena Stahov, In Love With A Bulgarian Revolutionary, Is A Memorable Achievement Of Character Drawing, But The Authors Artistry Is Nowhere Clearly Shown Than In His Development Of The Minor Characters Turgenev S Touch Is Light And His Sense Of Humour Delicious, And The Story, As It Moves To Its Inevitable And Tragic Conclusion, Is Never OppressiveTurgenev Is An Author Who No Longer Belongs To Russia Only During The Last Fifteen Years Of His Life He Won For Himself The Reading Public, First In France, Then In Germany And America, And Finally In England In His Funeral Oration The Spokesman Of The Most Artistic And Critical Of European Nations, Ernest Renan, Hailed Him As One Of The Greatest Writers Of Our Times The Master, Whose Exquisite Works Have Charmed Our Century, Stand Than Any Other Man As The Incarnation Of The Whole Race , Because A Whole World Lived In Him And Spoke Through His Mouth Not The Russian World Only, We May Add, But The Whole Slavonic World, To Which It Was An Honour To Have Been Expressed By So Great A Master As Regards His Method Of Dealing With His Material And Shaping It Into Mould, He Stands Even Higher Than As A Pure Creator Tolstoy Is Plastical, And Certainly As Deep And Original And Rich In Creative Power As Turgenev, And Dostoevsky Is Intense, Fervid, And Dramatic But As An Artist, As Master Of The Combination Of Details Into A Harmonious Whole, As An Architect Of Imaginative Work, He Surpasses All The Prose Writers Of His Country, And Has But Few Equals Among The Great Novelists Of Other Lands

was a novelist, poet, and dramatist, and now ranks as one of the towering figures of Russian literature His major works include the short story collection A Sportsman s Sketches 1852 and the novels Rudin 1856 , Home of the Gentry 1859 , On the Eve 1860 , and Fathers and Sons 1862 These works offer realistic, affectionate portrayals of the Russian peasantry and penetrating studies of the Russian intelligentsia who were attempting to move the country into a new age His masterpiece, Fathers and Sons, is considered one of the greatest novels of the nineteenth century Turgenev was a contemporary with

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  • Paperback
  • 234 pages
  • Накануне
  • Ivan Turgenev
  • English
  • 15 July 2017
  • 9780140440096

10 thoughts on “Накануне

  1. says:

    My Reading Life Or How I went from Reading Turgenev to Reading MannThe pattern of our reading lives can be as comfortable and predictable as everyday life or as creative and thought provoking as the books we read Take my own case I often mosey along well worn tracks quite happily, certain of finding familiar works which will be both pleasurable and rewarding However, it can happen that an obscure detail catches my attention and before I know it, I ve been propelled sideways onto an undiscovered trail which inevitably, after a little time, will lead to yet another trail, and another, und so weiter If I tried to capture the pattern of my reading experience on paper, it would look like the most fantastic map, criss crossing the continents and frequently travelling backwards through time, akin to the realms of fiction than to any map of the world as we know it If any proof were needed of the magic of the reading life, this is it.I fell upon the Turgenev trail because I came across a reference to a character called Insarov in William Trevor s beautiful novella, Reading Turgenev, and I was sufficiently intrigued by the brief mention of Insarov to take that sideways leap Thinking him to be a character in Turgenev s Fathers and Sons, I immediately delved into that book and enjoyed the experience but failed to find Insarov or any tangible parallel with William Trevor s novella I did find vague echoes of another book I d been reading called Solace in which mention was made of the nineteenth century writer, Maria Edgeworth The connection lay in the fact that Ms Edgeworth was a correspondent of Turgenev s they were both interested in education and agrarian reform, themes to be found in Fathers and Sons So Trevor had sent me back to a reread of Edgeworth s Castle Rackrent, via Solace and Fathers and Sons and my little sidestep had returned me to one of my favourite trails, Anglo Irish literature But I still hadn t found Insarov or figured out a satisfactory connection between Trevor and Turgenev.Reading Turgenev, a quiet little story set in rural Ireland is presented along with another Trevor novella called My House in Umbria in a volume called Two Lives I had understood that the two novellas were packaged together for publishing purposes rather than having been originally conceived to be read side by side However, when I d read both I noticed some definite correspondences between them the female protagonists of both stories, Mary Louise and Emily, had each experienced life changing events in their early twenties and their methods of dealing with these events, while quite different, nevertheless involved a withdrawal from the real world, one, though psychosis, the other, through the creation of fictional worlds I wasn t entirely sure if Trevor intended these parallels to be remarked upon or if I had merely forced them into a correspondence to suit a logic of my own I hoped that perhaps Turgenev might provide the clues that Trevor had withheld so I set out once in search of Insarov and began to read On the EveWhile reading this philosophical tale, it occurred to me that it could very well be subtitled Two Lives It mainly concerns the very different lives of a young Russian girl, Elena Stahov from a comfortable bourgeois family, and that of a Bulgarian student and idealist, Dmitri Insarov, determined to sacrifice his life for his country s freedom The first half of the book takes place in a rural setting, the second half in Italy, and again the Two Lives comparison is relevant as Elena s former life in Russia comes to a complete end once she travels to Italy where a new and very different life begins There is a traumatic event in Venice which results in Elena withdrawing from public life towards a sort of physical and psychological exile not unlike the destinies of Mary Louise and Emily from Two Lives So, at the end of my journey towards reading On the Eve, I had hit on the pattern I had been seeking and was feeling nicely satisfied by the outcome.But then I had a doubt Perhaps I had created these correspondences from very little evidence Perhaps Trevor didn t intend his novellas to be analysed and engineered to this extent But then I remembered that, after all, this is just an episode in the story of my own reading life, and therefore Trevor is just another character in that story and I can do with him as I please This meandering journey in search of Trevor s imagined motivations reminds me again of the intricate pattern of my reading life and why I m and drawn towards rendering my reading experiences into fiction I do like stories And I plan to skip cross Europe and across time again soon and read Thomas Mann s Death in VeniceTwo Lives Reading Turgenev My House in Umbria Fathers and Sons Solace Castle Rackrent On the Eve Death in Venice Review by Fionnuala is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution NonCommercial NoDerivs 3.0 Unported License.

  2. says:

    So, we are on the eve of a new day here on goodreads We have been batting ideas back and forth about what the giant female warrior will do to our community in a similar way to Turgenev s characters who spend long paragraphs meditating on the issues of their day Like them, some of us must be asking the question is it better to muddle through our lives peacefully, concentrating on reading, ideas and art or should we take action Some among us have talked about emigrating to a nearby country but the news we hear isn t very promising there are taxes, and while we might be glad to pay taxes for better services, the people of that country don t seem to be benefitting from better conditions their infrastructure is frankly primitive There are other countries we might emigrate to, but from the scattered reports that are reaching us, those countries have either already been taken over by the same tall female warrior or else, by some other formidable giants, some of whose main interests are not even books but only forage for their armies.But there is an alternative We could create an independent republic, one where books are picked on their merit and where reviews are never biased We might need to raise taxes to do this and buy in some mercenary soldiers to help build it but we could ensure that we owned it and that it could never be taken over by any agressive giants in the future.goodreaders can build a betterreads

  3. says:

    Exquisite First, so expressive, the prose makes me swoon And I am not a swooner is there such a word as swooner Elena listened to him very attentively, and turning half towards him, did not take her eyes off his face, which had grown a little paler off his eyes, which were soft and affectionate, though they avoided meeting her eyes Her soul expanded, and something tender, holy, and good seemed half sinking into her heart, half springing up within it.Second, how is it a male of the 1860s was able to express a young woman s thoughts and being so accurately There is a chapter that is presented as this young woman s diary Turgenev gives us diary entries of some of the action that has already taken place, so that, though he has described from the outside what occurred, he gives us her feelings at the time of these known events Then, we are given her feelings about events not yet told, and in this way, Turgenev apprises us of them.In an introduction which accompanied an 1895 edition, we are told To the English reader, On the Eve is a charmingly drawn picture of a quiet Russian household, with a delicate analysis of a young girl s soul but to Russians it is also a deep and penetrating diagnosis of the destinies of the Russia of the fifties I did not read all of this introduction because it seemed to me to begin to reveal spoilers, but I was glad to have read this much and to get this alternate perspective It enhanced the story for me, as part of the conflict involves a Bulgarian who worries about his country.

  4. says:

    This was the Turgenev that spoke most directly to me when I was young, which makes for a peculiarly intense reading experience now Yelena and Insarov are as if people known to me, I believe in them entirely and indeed the whole novel comes alive to me in that rare way A dangerous novel to do this with, as it is Turgenev at his most gloomy Although he took the plot from life, he wants to use it to dash our spirits with the futility of effort for he had these moods of pessimistic metaphysics I ll admit that doesn t commonly come across to me in his writing Perhaps I resist his lessons if so it s his own fault he paints Yelena and Insarov too richly in their heroic energies, hope and passion, to philosophise futility of effort at me at the end I can see why this one annoyed fellow Russians who loved Russianness, for instance Dostoyevsky To say there are no human beings yet in Russia is going a bit far particularly when you give us Bersenev, Yelena s Russian suitor, an awkward scholar and future professor, who is eminently human and likeable Also, Turgenev, answer me this if Russia is such a dump that the human species has yet to be found in it, how can you make your young women the most splendid people on earth Caught you out there Liza in Home of the Gentry was the Turgenev girl Dostoyevsky thought his greatest achievement for me, Yelena She managed to cause controversy too, and I must say I was startled at how bold he makes bold to make her Critics, at the time and since, like to mock Insarov, the Bulgarian freedom fighter just as the silly headed artist does in the book I can only say I d be spoilt for choice between Bersenev and Insarov, but that Yelena chose well, as she does everything well.

  5. says:

    BRILLIANT Too good to be true Tragically romantic and deep and everything else I m glad I have read it OMG, I can t even start explaining how good this book is Short, unexpected, fast paced, intense I couldn t put it down Unforgettable Please, bring me Ivan Turgenev

  6. says:

    4,5 Translator Gilbert Gardiner What a great introduction to Turgenev

  7. says:

    Writing a novel about love must be one of the most risky endeavors that a writer can undertake Love is such a powerful emotion that it is easy for such novels slip into the realm of melodrama This takes place when humans are depicted in ways that step beyond reality It doesn t take much The call for a duel between rivals, the admission of love one too many times, or self pity that goes on and on are all gateways to the melodramatic Turgenev manages to write about love in On the Eve without such missteps To be fair, this is a Victorian novel and behaviors are typical of that era But still, Trugenev manages to stay clear of overly dramatic love scenes.Turgenev maintains a sense of reality by not overwriting any given scene He provides what is needed to understand the emotions of the characters and then allows the reader to use their own inherent sympathies to complete their connection to the feelings being conveyed Turgenev also uses the various settings in the book to further communicate emotions without explicit narration The abundance of life in nature, the hard coldness of Moscow, and the surreal calm that is Venice, these settings all work to set moods in advance of scenes From there, the plot moves forward with the reader s feelings already engaged.Believable characters are the end result While the story focuses on human passion, it s characters do not lose sight of their own self awareness Turgenev gives his characters feelings but he also gives them the ability realize their own emotional state In this way, this is a book for the intellectually inclined and I just happen to be that way.

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  9. says:

    Ah, friendship, love, idealism in a word, Turgenev The eve in question is the start of the Crimean war The setting, however, is provincial Russia as usual in Turgenev s work and the characters are a small circle of close friends They re prone to earnest philosophical discussion There s a slightly complex romance that drives the plot, and as might be expected things ultimately don t turn out well for the lovers This is, after all, a Russian novel If that sounds a bit pat, then let me assure you that Turgenev s wonderfully flowing prose draws the reader nicely and sympathetically along.

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