The Abandonment of the Jews: America and the Holocaust 1941-1945

The Abandonment of the Jews: America and the Holocaust 1941-1945Why Auschwitz Was Never Bombed, A Chapter From This Book, Appeared In The MayIssue Of Commentary And Aroused A Major Controversy In The Press Here And In Europe That Chapter Was Typical Not Only Of The Stunning Revelations That David Wyman Makes But Also Of His Meticulous Research Encompassing Years Of Exploration In Some Sixty Archives, Many Never Before Plumbed As A Result, The Abandonment Of The Jews Asks Many Basic Questions Some Of Them For The First Time About This Shameful Episode In America S HistoryWyman S Account Is Devastating, Not Least Because It Documents The Precise Degree To Which All Segments Of The American Population Including The Churches And The Jewish Community Themselves Failed To Accomplish The Very Least That Could Have Been Expected It Exposes The Failure Of The State Department To Fill The Existing Quotas LeftPercent Unfilled And The Continuous Pattern Of Lies And Deceptions By Means Of Which The Government Turned Back Any Proposals That Were Made, Such As Transporting European Jews To Turkey Or North Africa, To Say Nothing Of The Controversial Question Of Allowing Immigrants Into The United StatesThe Narrative Moves Through Three Stages It Opens With The Developments That Led To The Realization By The Allies That A Systematic Annihilation Of The Jews Was Under Way Foreshadowed By Rumors Through Most Of , This News Was Publicly Established In November Of That Year The Second Stage Deals With The Ensuing Struggle By Jews And Non Jews Against Myriad Odds, Including An Obstructive State Department, An Indifferent President And Public, And Inadequate Press Coverage, That Culminated In JanuaryWith President Roosevelt S Creation Of The War Refugee Board The Final Stage Examines The WRB S Actions Through The End Of The War, Actions Tat Were Substantial But Severely Handicapped By Their Tardiness And By Lack Of Commitment From Administration OfficialsIt Is Difficult For A Generation That Has Seen Hundreds Of Thousands Indeed, Millions Of Vietnamese, Hispanic, And Other Refugees Absorbed Into Our Society With Relative Ease To Understand The Full Extent Of The Anti Semitism That Kept The Government From Trying To Help, And Kept The Jews Themselves From Acting Effectively Wyman S Analysis , Careful And Utterly Convincing, Is A Thorough Account, As Well As A Searing Indictment, Of That Tragic State Of Affairs

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  • Paperback
  • 458 pages
  • The Abandonment of the Jews: America and the Holocaust 1941-1945
  • David S. Wyman
  • English
  • 04 May 2019
  • 9781565844155

10 thoughts on “The Abandonment of the Jews: America and the Holocaust 1941-1945

  1. says:

    I have so far read the sections describing the 1942 efforts to convince both Jewish leaders and the Allied governments that the Nazis had indeed embarked on a systematic program to murder all the Jews of Europe This idea was simply so monstrous that many could not believe the evidence they were receiving Others did not want to acknowledge what would have led to pressure to do something about it Meanwhile, train after train carried Jews to death centers Elie Wiesel s introduction in May 1944, a convoy of Jews from Hungary arrives at the railway station of a small Polish town Auschwitz this is the place they have come to die they don t know this Washington knows, and so does London The Vatican knows the Jews were abandoned they could no longer count on anybody Sad and revolting as it might sound, both the major Jewish organizations and the most powerful figures of the Jewish community could not or did not want to form a unified rescue commission the US State Department and British Foreign Office had no intention of rescuing large numbers of European Jews such an initiative would have placed intense pressure on Britain to open Palestine and on the US to take in Jewish refugees in Nov 1942, Rabbi Stephen Wise Wise called a press conference through sources confirmed by the State Department 2,000,000 Jews have been killed in an extermination campaign aimed at wiping out all the Jews in Nazi EuropeAnd still no one not Churchill, not Roosevelt acted to try to save those millions of Jews who were still alive.

  2. says:

    The ongoing debate among descendants of immigrants on how best to keep new immigrants and illegal aliens out of the country is nothing new Anti immigration laws and sentiment were all the rage during the late thirties and especially during WWII Guided by the Daughters of the American Revolution and the American Coalition of Patriotic Societies, Senators and Congressmen watched diligently for any hint that those funny little furriners might sneak in.Senator Rufus Holman Rep., OR in 1942 once blocked a bill in the Senate because it aroused his suspicion that it relaxes the immigration laws, though he openly admitted, I know nothing about this bill Representative William Elmer Rep., MO no doubt a descendant of the famous American patriot, Elmer Fudd, was equally distrustful He apprised the House of a determined and well financed movementto admit all the oppressed, Hitler persecuted people of Germany and other European countries into our country.

  3. says:

    I wrote a paper in middle school on American knowledge of the Holocaust and how we did not use all our resources to try to stop the killings in the death camps This book was my key source as it brings together an incredible amount of information on what Roosevelt and others in power knew, and incriminating statements they made that showed they consciously chose not to bomb railroads or do anything else to slow down the Nazi death machinery.As a side note, in retrospect I read way too much on the Holocaust as a kid

  4. says:

    America refused to implement large scale rescue efforts for Europe s Jews and refused to bomb holocaust infrastructure We were, however, willing to transport, feed, clothe, and shelter nearly 425,000 German POWs inside the United States.Hitler pursued his Final Solution even while he was losing the war I could at least understand German anti Semitism given my belief that Zionists helped bring America into WWI, but I cannot but condemn America s unwillingness to help Europe s Jews in WWII This book needs to be read We must know what we have done wrong and failed to do right, if we are ever to live up to American ideals.

  5. says:

    I gave this a 5 star rating because of the serious, but sad, subject matter, not because it was fun reading It is not light reading, but if you want to understand how the media and also the American Jews treated the Nazi decimation of the Jews during World War II, then this book will enlighten and disgust you Even our own president, Roosevelt, dropped the ball when he could have done so much I learned so much but it took me about 2 weeks to get through the book.

  6. says:

    Painful You can t read it without taking breaks, because the material is just too harrowing You get emotional, bummed out, and have to put it down But then you pick it up, because you need to know this stuff There are bits of sarcasm in here that help to relieve the sadness There are parts I would have emphasized , like when a State Dept official referred to Jewish refugees as odium.

  7. says:

    A terrifyingly sad, well researched book on the US slow response to the Nazi atrocities against the Jews in Europe.

  8. says:

    This book suggests that the US stymied efforts to rescue the Jews in WWII Resistance emanated from a number of key officials in the State Dept Jewish organizations were unwilling to go against the State Dept and FDR Mobilization of public support was key to stimulating action by the US government, and public support was driven by less established Jewish NGOs e.g Committee for Jewish Army Major infighting between Jewish NGOs led to self defeating efforts often Many good examples of how petty rivalries and power struggles resulted in damage to Jewish causes, motivated by stopping one faction from getting prestige from the other s successful efforts State Dept first resisted reporting and confirming that Germany was exterminating Jews, then created bureaucratic delays to stop the influx of Jewish refugees Amazingly the State Dept was actually afraid that Germany would actually give Jews to the Allies So quotas for Jewish immigration in the US were never fulfilled Sec of State Cordell Hull, Undersecretary of State Sumner Welles, Asst Sec of State Breckinridge Long and others were responsible, though mainly Long and some mid level officials Bermuda conference and Intergovernmental Committee on Refugees were State Dept attempts to defuse public pressure w o doing anything This demoralized Jews who saw it for what it was and led them to focus on the Zionist cause in Palestine at the Bilt Conference in NY Used mobilization of public opinion tactics very successfully to build public support in Congress British were also under intense public pressure and also tried to delay and block the rescue and refugee efforts Treasury Secretary Henry Morgenthau was instrumental in breaking US govt apathy to the Jews Fought to expose State Dept efforts Treasury s staff produced Report to the Secretary on the Acquiescence of This Government in the Murder of the Jews which convinced Morgenthau to go to FDR A major push in Congress led to the Rescue Resolution, and its certain impending passage forced FDR to establish the War Refugee Board Using funding from Jewish NGOs, WRB started rescuing European Jews Anti Semitism was rampant in the US at the time, with strong nationalist sentiment against relaxing immigration restrictions as the political background Influential Jews in or near powerful members of the administration and FDR did not press for rescue, e.g 6 of 7 Jewish members of Congress and several FDR advisers Most Christian and Catholic churches were indifferent and silent, except Quakers and Unitarians Jewish people were also divided Jewish intellectuals were not vocal Even Jewish owned media did not cover it very well like the NY Times and the Washington Post, though NY Post coverage was adequate Regular American media did not cover the Holocaust Incredulity regarding whether or not the Holocaust happened lasted until war s end when legislators and newspaper editors were flown in personally to view the camps.

  9. says:

    Excellent book that covers the U S response to the Halocaust The actions of the government were spotty if not almost non existent FDR was cautious in his actions due to isolationist sentiment, antisemitic feeling of many and the feeling that the only rescue possible was to win the war The author criticizes him for his failure to lead on this issue, it FDR was reluctant to jeopardize his programs, both domestic and foreign, in Congress The State Department did all they could to delay and frustrate immigration of Jews During the late thirties and during the war immigration quotas from Eastern Europe were never maximized Part of the problem also was the failure of leading Jewish to be able to unite together to pressure the government to act Publicity by newspapers,radio,and movies was also almost nonexistent Most of the reasons given for not being able to rescue Jews didn t stop the rescue of other people who weren t Jewish It s hard not to conclude that American and British inaction worsened the already tragic situation.

  10. says:

    A dense historical monograph, not for the fainthearted Not for anyone with poor eyesight, either 350 pages of tiny print The meticulous detail brings to mind the famous remark about the banality of evil This book effectively puts paid to the hagiography of The Greatest Generation Saving Jews from annihilation was not among the reasons the United States went to war with the Axis.

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