Ἐκκλησιαστικὴ ἱστορία

Ἐκκλησιαστικὴ ἱστορία Eusebius S Account Is The Only Surviving Historical Record Of The Church During Its Crucial First YearsBishop Eusebius, A Learned Scholar Who Lived Most Of His Life In Caesarea In Palestine, Broke New Ground In Writing The History And Provided A Model For All Later Ecclesiastical Historians In Tracing The History Of The Church From The Time Of Christ To The Great Persecution At The Beginning Of The Fourth Century, And Ending With The Conversion Of The Emperor Constantine, His Aim Was To Show The Purity And Continuity Of The Doctrinal Tradition Of Christianity And Its Struggle Against Persecutors And Heretics

Eusebius of Caesarea c AD 263 339 also called Eusebius Pamphili, was a Roman historian, exegete and Christian polemicist He became the Bishop of Caesarea in Palestine about the year 314 Together with Pamphilus, he was a scholar of the Biblical canon He wrote Demonstrations of the Gospel, Preparations for the Gospel, and On Discrepancies between the Gospels, studies of the Biblical text As

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  • Paperback
  • 435 pages
  • Ἐκκλησιαστικὴ ἱστορία
  • Eusebius
  • 06 February 2019
  • 9780140445350

10 thoughts on “Ἐκκλησιαστικὴ ἱστορία

  1. says:

    Eusebius of Caesarea lived from approximately 260 337 A.D He was a bishop, author of many writings, imprisoned, tortured, and suffered through several Roman persecutions, saw friends martyred including his beloved mentor Eusebius was a leader and speaker at important early Church councils and synods He celebrated Constantine s triumphal accession to power, the ensuing peace and freedom for Christians Eusebius experienced much of what he put into The Church History He was not a disinterested historian by any means, nor did he write history as we think of it today Today we like to hope our historians are completely objective, that they treat objective truth objectively Personally I think writers can never be completely objective no matter how hard they try They always have a reason for writing, or they wouldn t write But that is just my subjective view Eusebius wrote his history as a gift to posterity, that is to us He wasn t impartial, nor was he trying to be Neither did he strive for thoroughness He wanted to inspire, to give hope And he had his favorites Origen, Dionysius and Constantine were the top three I went into Origen below Eusebius is often accused of being too fond of Constantine In the concluding section after Chapter 10, Paul Maier balances Eusebius s panoply of praise with a superb discussion on Constantine s varied reputation over the centuries Sometimes when people read Luke s account in Acts 2 44 47 they can form an idyllic picture of the early church which is all peace, harmony, sharing and praising God Eusebius describes a quite different Church, one very similar to ours suffering, struggling against oppression from without and dissention from within Perhaps the battle between Good and Evil has not changed so very much after allWe learn about the early church s attempts to define what it meant to be church , and Who Jesus Christ actually was These questions led to accumulating, reviewing and determining the credibility and validity of the many varied writings Then repeated councils needed to be called and the necessary persons had to assemble from all parts of the known world during a time when travels was hazardous This led to the development of doctrines and creeds, and also to defining what was and wasn t heretical Eusebius isn t always the best about explaining this, but fortunately in this edition, Paul Maier has a wonderful commentary at the end of each chapter to fill in the gaps I was so grateful Although I have studied Church history before, I still got lost.In my preliminary thoughts below I mentioned some of all I learned, so I won t repeat myself Those really interested can see below There is just so much I could say about this history but let me limit myself to three points Although Eusebius is not a perfect source, he is frequently the only source for many ancient documents otherwise lost to history Maier cites several instances where Eusebius copied out and included a whole section of a writer s text which happens to be the only surviving bit of it The rest of work has not survived So in that sense, if for no other, we owe Eusebius a huge debt.At times I thought Eusebius gloried in the gruesome in recounting his stories of the deaths of the martyrs As he was an eyewitness to some of them I do not doubt his testimony and he gives other first person narratives as well The heroics of the early Christian martyrs will haunt you No, they didn t all pass the test Some ran, others caved in and worshipped the Roman gods , but of those who endured, oh my, what they went through I thought I had read some awful atrocities today, but there is nothing new under the sun The Romans were hideously cruel Well of course they were Look what they did to Jesus At the time The Church History was written, 324 AD, the canon of Sacred Scripture, was still not fully formed, that is, no one in the East or the West or anywhere in all of Christendom had a Bible as we know it today Some of the episodes within that fascinating period of our Christian heritage are told here in this book How we acquired our beloved scriptures happened during these first 400 years If you want to know the story, this is as good a place to start as any.There are many fine photos of the areas discussed and the busts of the Roman generals and emperors throughout the book A fascinating and disturbing read Our Christian heritage September 1, 2017 Preliminary review scattered thoughts Would that Eusebius The Church History be required reading for all Christians regardless of denomination, but then I suspect there would be far fewer of us, as so few today like to read And yet this fine for its day account of the Church s early days dispels many persistent myths and some new ones For example, how holy and generous everyone was back then and how idyllic the circumstances before sinners were let into the Church and ruined everything Aside, that is, from a Roman persecution every so often maybe a fire, plague, pillageEusebius presents quite a different Church for us a suffering Church, struggling to define what it meant to be church , and Who its founder Jesus Christ actually was for starters These seemingly foundational questions were anything but simple and led to dealing with endless heresies sorting through numerous writings of varying quality conducting repeated councils developing and refining creeds, and yes, even to specifying what concerned Mary, but only because it was her humanity and relationship to Jesus which in the end settled so many questions about Him Although each heresy was another opportunity to further refine and deepen the Church s understanding of the great mysteries of God to those humble enough to submit it was also a chance for the evil one to lead others astray There was no official canon then, so these early Christians had to first collect and then sort through all the writings and try to determine what was orthodox from what was not, without computers or any form of communication, all the while battling enemies from within and without Considering all they were up against, that we have the Sacred Scriptures today is nothing short of miraculous Eusebius was not a historian as we think of one today He was neither impartial nor thorough and unapologetically so He was writing his history for Christian posterity He has his favorites Origen was the most important He devoted his longest chapter, 8, almost exclusively to him For me it was also the most interesting chapter I have read bits and pieces about this incredible Church Father who was also a brilliant apologist but not a saint yet never have I encountered so much about Origen as what is here Still Eusebius neglects to mention why or how Origen s philosophy strayed into dangerous territory The reason is because his hero was so remarkably intelligent most could not even understand his writings well enough to see how they would be controversial However, if you are interested in an outline of this discussion, read this One of these days, I am going to have to tackle a biography of this amazing philosopher theologian or some of his writings Okay, still reading He is often quoted still today, across all branches of Christian denominations, beloved in the East and West.August 12, 2017 Brant Pitre whose course on Jesus of Nazareth A Biblical Christology I am currently listening to said that members of the infamous Jesus Seminar do not read period documents like this, limiting themselves to the Gospels However, Eusebius s History is supposedly the best record of the period immediately following the time of the Gospels and even describes how the Gospels were assembled, or so Pitre claims I haven t read it yet I have been meaning to read this forever Need to bite the bullet and just do it

  2. says:

    The greatest tale of a persecuted religious minority toppling an all encompassing empire until the release of Star Wars.The awe inspiring story of a mystical sect of oppressed destitutes ending up as the most widely known religion in human history Coming soon to a church near you Eusebius weaves a stunning epic with memorable characters, including JESUS, a young Jewish hero whose heroic challenge to authority causes his ultimate downfall DIOCLETIAN, an evil tyrant whose bloodthirst against the brave faithful knows no bounds and last but not least, CONSTANTINE, an ambitious prince determined to herald the winds of change across the world.The result is a harrowing narrative of hope and persistence even in the face of death.

  3. says:

    I wish evangelicals would read literature such as this It is a very interesting chronicle of early Christians It helps one understand how what we call the New Testament was created and preserved, and a fascinating look at the network of early churches and their relationship It s also notable that Eusebius, Christianity s first historian and a devout Christian, calls into question the validity of the book of Revelation he does make clear that he is in no position to pass judgment on the book s importance Also, the chronicles of the martyrs and the countless sufferings of early Christians is astounding.Even though Eusebius was a biased historian and kissed Constantine s ass far too much, the vast array of sources he draws upon and his accesible presentation are priceless.

  4. says:

    This is a very good book by the first great church historian Eusebius c AD 264 c 340 was a devout Christian, scholar, historian, author, priest, and eventually the Bishop of Caesarea in Palestine His History of the Church was the first book to record events in the life of the Church from the advent of Christ through the reign of Constantine It proceeds chronologically and systematically, documenting the growth of the Church as it spread from Jerusalem throughout the whole of the Roman Empire and beyond From the vast array of topics encompassed in that region and time, Eusebius focuses his history on five the succession of bishops in the major churches from the apostles through his contemporaries, the corresponding succession of Roman emperors, the development of different heresies and the corresponding efforts to combat them, the canonization of Scripture, and the persecutions and martyrs of the Church.Each of these subjects is treated with care and attention to detail The line of the bishops, by which the doctrine of apostolic succession is supported, is quite thorough, including occasional biographical sketches, as is the case with the emperors But it is not hard to tell which topics are the most important to Eusebius the persecutions of the martyrs and the heresies More of the book is spent on these two topics than all the others combined It is not hard to guess why that is so.In the case of the martyrs, Eusebius grew up as a Christian during the years of the great persecution under Diocletian Not a few of his family members and friends were martyred for their faith, going willingly, even joyfully to their deaths He spares no details in describing the brutal tortures they endured That he devotes space to the biographical sketches of the martyrs than to other topics is not surprising, and it is a great benefit for the Church today It is important to remember what the early Church endured It serves as an example for enduring suffering, and a spur to goad us to action to fight persecution when it appears today In the case of the heresies, Eusebius was jealous for the purity of the Church The heresies that plagued her through her early history were attacks on that purity committed mostly by self interested men who sought to exploit her for personal power or wealth Just as it was important for later generations to understand martyrdom and persecution, it was important for them to understand the heresies, so that they could be recognized when they reared their heads again, as they have repeatedly throughout history In reading the stories of the martyrs and the heresies, it is easy to see the history of the early church in terms of a war for her purity fought on two fronts One of those was external, represented by the imperial attacks in the form of state sanctioned persecution The other was internal, represented by the heretical teachings that surfaced The contrast between the two could not be stark, particularly with regard to the Church s response Christians went peacefully to their deaths Not that there was no grief over the persecutions or no desire for them to cease, but there appeared to be no question of organized resistance against Rome At no time did Christians take up arms against their terrible enemy But against the heresies, the Church was relatively quick to organize against them, root them out and expel the heretics In both cases, the end result was the same the purity of the Church was upheld Who but a true Christian would convert under the threat of death Who but a true Christian remained when the heretics were exposed and expelled Though I could easily go on about Eusebius and his book, I will make note of only two other items First, with regard to the canon of Scripture, it is clear from reading Eusebius that establishing the canon was not so much a matter of people coming together to decide what books to include or exclude as part of God s Holy Word as it was of acknowledging those books that the Church had already recognized as authoritative This stands in sharp contradistinction to the ideas of many modern critics Second, for the first three centuries of the Church, there was neither a central church nor a central individual in the Church The true faith was not centered on Rome and there was no pope Churches and bishops were all or less viewed as equals If the church in Jerusalem possessed somewhat prestige, that was only because it was the first to be established It had no authority than any other church, nor did any bishop have authority than another In the case of controversies, councils were called and decisions made based on the authority of the Scriptures and the teaching of the apostles This is not meant to be a critique of the Roman church today, merely an observation.

  5. says:

    Je m int resse de plus en plus l histoire chr tienne, et il m a sembl bon de commencer par cet auteur Eus be de C sar e est r put tre le premier historien a avoir compil les v nements ayant marqu l glise lors des quatre premiers si cles de notre re C sar e en Palestine, la ville dont il est issu, ne subsiste de nos jours qu l tat de ruine, ayant t secou par les tremblements de terre qui frappent habituellement cette r gion du monde Les vestiges d une riche cit grecque, et de ce qui fut un important port de l poque des croisades, y sont encore visibles.L enqu te de notre auteur d bute juste apr s les actes des ap tres on y apprend ce que fut l implantation des premi res communaut s chr tiennes au sein de l empire, surtout en Asie Mineure, en Jud e et en gypte, mais aussi Rome J ai appr ci certaines anecdotes assez souriantes, en particulier une sur Jean qui se finit bien, o il remet un brigand dans le droit chemin Certaines sont touchantes, comme cet eccl siaste romain obscur sur la t te duquel se pose une colombe, alors qu il s agit de d signer le nouvel v que comme un homme, le peuple se l ve et lui attribue cet honneur Mais assez rapidement, le r cit prend une allure tr s sombre Tout commence avec la fameuse guerre des Juifs, dont Flavius Jos phe a racont les p rip ties et qui sont venues jusqu nous Eus be cite abondamment cet auteur, et rappelle ce que fut le terrible si ge de J rusalem Il est un peu d rangeant de voir Eus be interpr ter le triste destin des juifs comme une punition divine, alors que lui m me clame croire en la divinit d un juif qui semble n avoir eu toute sa vie d autre souci que d adoucir les conditions de vie de ses compatriotes coreligionnaire, de soulager leurs peines, et non pas de les tourmenter Vient ensuite le r cit des pers cutions Eus be s attarde particuli rement d crire les supplices raffin s et monstrueux que des pa ens cruels ont fait subir aux premiers chr tiens La constance et le courage avec lequel les plus endurcis ont affront s ces horreurs ont certes impressionn s leurs bourreaux, mais on sort plus c ur qu difi de la lecture de ces r cits horribles Un rare clin d il l occident est fait l occasion du martyr de Blandine, pers cut e Lyon sous Marc Aur le, ainsi que Pothin le relate dans une lettre D s cette poque, les restes de ces malheureux firent l objet de d votions On aimerait savoir plus en d tail ce que furent les raisons qui inspir rent ces pers cutions, mais il faut se contenter le plus souvent de l explication qu elles furent les machinations de quelque d mon malfaisant, ou bien une punition divine suite quelque faute Lorsque les pers cuteurs sont fatigu s de verser du sang humain, ils subissent peu apr s un ch timent divin, qui se traduit par une putr faction interne et des douleurs atroces, d crites avec une foule de d tails abominables, et dont la lecture est peine soutenable Accul s r sipiscence par la douleur, ils exhalent enfin leur vie avec leur sang Lorsque les pers cutions laissent place une relative tol rance, commence alors la grande multiplication des sectes Chacun souhaite s attribuer le beau titre de chr tien, car la personne de J sus semble plaire universellement, mais rare sont ceux qui s accordent sur la signification du terme, en particulier ce que doivent croire ceux qui s arrogent ce titre A chacun, suivant ses interpr tations, de traiter d h r tiques ceux qui embrassent d autres opinions en particulier sur les questions les plus futiles et les plus vaines, qui prennent alors des dimensions tonnantes, et font na tre des inimiti s et des haines bien surprenantes chez des hommes qui se piquent de longanimit Si bien qu il s ensuit une sorte de s lection naturelle darwinienne des sectes, qui aboutit la victoire de la plus avis e politiquement Il ne peut s agir que de la plus vraie et de la plus pure, selon l auteur, puisque tout n arrive que par la volont de Dieu.Mais en dehors de ces aspects tonnants, voir d sagr ables, le r cit d Eus be fourmille d informations tr s utiles, en particulier sur qui furent les premiers auteurs chr tiens et la liste de leurs crits Eus be s attarde en particulier sur le prolixe et savant Orig ne, qui il voue la plus vive admiration, et dont il raconte la vie avec force d tails, d fendant sa m moire contre les accusations d h r sie Au final, je suis bien content d avoir d couvert ce premier panorama de ce que furent les d buts de la chr tient , et j ai bien envie d en apprendre plus.

  6. says:

    Eusebius is a scholar, I learnt a lot of new things from this book I am encouraged by the Early Church fathers especially Origen It seems that the Early Christians had to face internal threats heresies , external threats ridicule, persecution , this is simply too much to Handle but God blessed them The persecutions in the Roman empire is appalling There s depth details about persecution especially during Diocletian Era, I could not digest a lot I wish the Christians today would read this and teach their children All the Church fathers had written polemics, defended the Christian claims during their Era The Questions today faced by the Church are nothing great compared to their Era Overall, a Great book, Eusebius taught me how the Early Bishops were, they were scholars, preachers, philosophers.

  7. says:

    The modern day commentary and footnotes enhance the incredibly pleasurable writing of Eusebius.I always wonder why modern day believers don t explore the fundamental roots of their own modern day beliefs from some of the original foundational documents such as this book I don t think I ve ever read an Early Medieval history book, or an Early Christian history book which did not quote extensively from Eusebius I know I now have to read Josephus because of Eusebius Hoopla has an audio version of his book that I will borrow for free Though, I would much prefer a version like this book that has explanatory footnotes and commentaries The translator, Maier, had a fairly good discussion on Josephus mentions of Jesus and what scholars believe to be extrapolations or not, and the footnotes and commentary overall did not go wasted on me The only fault with this audible version is that I wasn t always able to distinguish the footnote or commentary from Eusebius writings I wish that the reader had been told to say footnote and end of footnote in the narration But, that tells me how good of a writer Eusebius really was because his writing flows like a modern day conversation between friends To understand who we are today it sometimes requires understanding where we came from Why is what we call the bible today the bible, or what does Jesus nature mean or what s this about the Arian controversy, what s all this about martyrs and why it is so important for the church s history, and why are the Donatists so cool to understand I m going to give you a hint, it has something to do with the reformation and Martin Luther, but of course Eusebius and Augustine don t know that , and how does the catholic church i.e., catholic means universal and the early catholic church meant all are welcome become a Catholic Church i.e universal means everywhere Eusebius explains how the early orthodox Christians world thought about itself and allows one to anticipate the transition to Augustine who mostly defines the medieval Catholic world until Thomas Aquinas comes along in 1250 Eusebius always takes an orthodox mostly from a Greek perspective position, but all of these kinds of things lurk within the text and is incredibly well presented and are necessary for understanding where we are today.

  8. says:

    The author of the introduction seems to fault Eusebius for not writing a different book, but I find a lot to like in what he did write He quotes primary sources extensively I liked the information about debates over the New Testament canon, the picture of Justin Martyr, Origen, Dionysius of Alexandria, and the constant reference to all kinds of early works, many of which are now lost And then of course there are all sorts of random details to puzzle and delight, such as the statue of Jesus Eusebius himself had seen erected in thanks by the woman cured of the issue of blood.

  9. says:

    For my latest history fix, I decided to go way back to the first 300 years after Christ Of course, having received this book for Christmas influenced this decision somewhat It was interesting and amusing to read about the first centuries of the Christian Church, reading of controversies and heresies that have been revived almost 20 centuries later Once, Eusebius gets to the years of his life, however, and speaks of the persecutions that some faced, I was reminded that American Christians, at least, live in a very different world.

  10. says:

    wheless thinks that eusebius is the greatest liar in history dunno about that this seems reasonably credible problem with wheless is that he needs christianity to be fraudulent in order for it to be wrong i think it can be dead wrong even if it s 100% true.

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